Jun 25, 2018 in Science

Scientific Discoveries

Scientific method is defined as the technicality engaged in investigating phenomena, getting informed or integrating previous knowledge. The method of inquiry is normally based on collecting observable evidence in line with specific topic in question. The method, which consists of systematic observations, measurement and experiment, has stood the test of time in natural science by being in continuous use since the 17th century. Scientific method runs hand in hand with the full disclosure practice, which provides that; the inquiry be objective as can be and there be documentation and archiving all data and methodology this gives no room for bias interpretation of results and provides for scrutiny by other scientists there hence adequate verification of results (Diggins, 2003).

“Science favors the mind which is prepared”, is a statement that has stood the test of time with its scientific and social relevance evident to date. The architect of the statement was the ancient Franco scientist by the name Pasteur Louis (Pasteur Brewing, n.d). He gave this utterance as part of his speech on Oersted a Danish physicist citing how he almost accidentally discovered the principals of magnetism. The initial statement by Louis Pasteur scientifically implies that for science to take effect, the observer should have prior preparation so as to catch any useful occurrence. This is so because it is understood that during any scientific experiments scientists rely on unknowns and they take to the experiments to try and come up with suitable inference and the possible best suited conclusion, therefore for one to achieve this, it is paramount that he/she be prepared and able to observe deeply so as to be in position to interpret any accidental discovery. This therefore rounds up the whole idea that a prepared mind is best for science.

Serendipity is one of the hardest English words in terms of translation. It is generally defined as the act of making unexpected and fortunate discoveries. It might be seen as a form of fluke or good luck whereby a person discovers the most unexpected as stated by (Fleming,1980).The discovery of curative drug penicillin was accidental, all credit is given to Scottish scientist Alexander Fleming who is said to have been working on bacteria in the lab he is reported to have went to holiday leaving some agar plates on resuming, he noticed moulds growing on his plates,. However around the colonies of the moulds there were specific areas where the bacteria covering the rest of the plate was not growing, he therefore concluded that the mould was producing a certain chemical which must have killed the bacteria.

This discovery process ties and augurs well with the state of serendipity in that, the scientist was well prepared to observe the accidental occurrence during the experiment and by being in position to interpret it he made his accidental discovery (Hannan, 2006). One of the situations that serendipity might be of use is when treating one of my patients suffering from a particular disease and I go on to discover that when I give him/her a certain medical prescription subject to a disease, it works different from when I do the same with a different medicine. This definitely alerts me as a doctor that the prescription that gives best results is the best to do the job despite a certain sickness having many different prescriptions.

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