Jun 25, 2018 in Research

Sandro Botticelli


Alessadreo di Mariono di Vannni Filipepi, commonly known as II Botticello or Sandro Botticelli was born in 1445 and passed away in May 17, 1510. Botticelli was an Italian painter from the Florentine school in the early renaissance. Not more than hundred years afterward, there was a movement that was characterized by Giorgio Vasari, meaning a ‘golden age’. This movement was led by a patronage called Lorenzo de’ Medici, and it’s during this time where Botticelli expressed himself at the head of Vita. Botticelli also represented his work in the linear grace in The Birth of Venus, Primavera and Early Renaissance painting, which up to present they exist.

The masterworks The Birth Venus (c. 1485) and Primavera (c. 1482), were the greatest art work during the mid-16th century. Both works were specifically painted for the villa. Below is a picture of Venus and Mars, which were done in 1483.

During the renaissance, colour and light played an important role. The artists of this duration gave credit to the artists before them whilst incorporating an immense sense of light and colour via new mediums. Also, building a sense of space was a foremost improvement of the time, as was standpoint, an intellectual device that causes someone eye to see in three dimensions. During the Renaissance period, art were mainly made for religious or commissions reasons. As noted from Baxandall, by the end of the fifteenth century, the contracts regarding commissions indicated that majority of the painting ought to be completed by the masters’ hand. Artists were able to earn the most prestige and money during the time. (Adam, 1998)

Moreover, the Renaissance verified as a time of immense transformation of the artists, because they occupied a distinct position in society, since art work was becoming much more than just a craft. The society of Renaissance was subjugated by guilds, which portrayed the significant trades in the city (Burton, 2003). They were all joined to a patron saint and every one looked out for their colleague affiliates, making sure that all had a job and a well-brought-up income. In additions, workshops were plentiful, whereby masters were paid to take on a beginner to instruct practical skills in the meadow.

In the study of the Renaissance, Giorgio Vasari in his book “The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors and Architects” published in the year 1550. Giorgio Vasari provide us with a reflection of the middle ages, where at the closing stages of darkness appears light, the light regarded as the Renaissance (David, 2006). He smashes down this period into three foremost portions, saying that the fourteenth century was an episode of babyhood (and the exertions of Giotto), the fifteenth century an episode of teenage years (and the exertions of Masaccio), and the sixteenth century as an episode of mellowness (and the exertions of da Vinci). It’s these artistes that light the way out darkness. For example:

In above image, Giotto’s shows a standpoint in the Visitation, the colours used and in addition to the unified light source indicate that more consideration was put into building this painting work as an entire. The facial appearances of the figures indicate their inner sentiments, and the concentration to their clothing indicates the effect of shade and light. Colour is an element of design that can be used as a basic tool by designers when building a composition. This is why they had to use colours in order to attract the viewers.               

Thomas Wilfred (1889-1968) was among initial American’s artists who compose entirely in colour and light. He started his experiments in 1905 and worked hard with this art form within a maximum of sixty years. Thomas was mainly concerned with the visual and theoretical significant of colour and light. The foundation of this type of art in kinetic art, or motion, is the deployment of time in a noticeably musical way. The historical difference betwixt the spatial arts-architecture, sculpture and painting had ultimately been terminated obliterated in diverse forms of colour.

The initial critical thinking regarding colour came about during the Renaissance in Europe. Various artists, philosophers and chemists took it upon themselves to build up working theories concerning the nature of colour and light. The below figure demonstrate Masaccio Paints for us: Tribute Money Brancaccio Chapel, the Church of Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence (1427)  

Form above case, Masaccio’s Tribute Money is performed out in an unremitting description, whereby the atmospheric viewpoint consisting the capaciousness and profundity of the landscape in additional to the unified light source that plays a vital role. Moreover, Masaccio guides us throughout the space by encompassing us follow Peter via the interweaving of arms. Masaccio uses oppositional colours and intensely replicated drapery to symbolize shade and light. The lines and viewpoint in addition to gesticulations of the figures and their facial appearance are the one that tell us the chronicle that Masaccio works for us.  Light and colours during Renaissance art were very important; they made images to look attractive to the views. Moreover, they made artists work to look smart, hence creating more job opportunities to them. The Renaissance art expand broadly across the Europe at extreme rate. From above two pictures, it was necessary for artist to use colour and light in order to portray their meaning. (Florian & Cornelius, 2008)

The revival of classical antiquity in the Italian architecture, painting and sculpture were fully revived during the 13th century. Even though, this wasn’t the initial revival in the Middle Age, but it’s considered as the most powerful revival, due to it impact of inspirations and dissimilar feelings, which were highlighted by vital exponents of Italian Gothic, and other unknown artists. The first exhibition portrayed the art of Federico II and several Norman marks. They presented sculptures, which had a new hypothesis of ascription, cameos and codes. Consequently, it was easier to compare the works which was produced during classical with Federico’s Age. Example of the sculpture was “The woman with Amphora”, and many more. The Medici family was a loyal family in Italy; the revival classical antiquity means a lot to them in the renaissance, as it boosted the economic a lot. 


Botticelli was a master in painting during the renaissance period. Some of his greatest works were Madonna and Child with an Angel (1465-1467), Madonna and Child with an Angel (1465-67), Madonna della Loggia (c. 1467), The Virgin and Child with Two Angels and the Young St. John the Baptist (1465-1470),  The Annunciation (c. 1479), The Virgin and Child, St. John and an Angel (c. 1488), and many more. Botticelli will always remain as a greatest master of art during the Early Renaissance period. 

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