Call to Crusade
The pope is an influential and respectable personality in the Christian faith, especially in the Catholic Church. His influence, especially during early times of 19th century and preceding years, was much felt in the west. Roman Empire was under the influence of the pope, who was considered a God’s representative on earth and thus his message to the people was considered to come from God (Bull, 2003). Catholicism had taken root in Rome and thus explaining the reasons for the papal influence. The information on the possible threats on the holy land and the people, from the wagging of war by Persians who were non-Christians and thus perceived as destructors of God’s empire will incite the vast population into warfare. This message is passed by the pope with the calling of all people to contribute towards reclaiming God’s land and saving the chosen people. The fact that the pope requests for the participation of all citizens of the Roman Empire in the war irrespective of their religious doctrines and with the citation of biblical verses, to strengthen his argument, will incite the vast Christian population into joining the war.
The explanation on the tortures or cruelty of the perceived attackers on the land and the protection of the Christian faith rather than the fight for land will motivate people to participate (Medieval Sourcebook, 1996). The nature of violence the enemies of God are to bring to the land and thus threatening the lives of the people is enormous to attract the attention of all individuals who care. It causes some fear among the population, however, the use of the biblical verses to cite Godly reasons for the support encourage Christian involvement in the war. Fear for ungodly practices and religion amongst the vast Christian population may be attributed to the decisions to participate in the war (Bull, 2003). The pope’s statement that Christians had the duty of liberating the royal city of God, which was centered in the earth, from the captivity of the unclean people and nations meant that Christians had to be in the fight to aid in this salvation. With the understanding that Christians believe in pope’s message by equating it to that of God, they are bound to contribute towards this mission. They find the saving of the land as their obligation on earth before they retire to heavenly glory (Medieval Sourcebook, 1996).
The call for a united nation and the appreciation of the importance of nationalism will play a vital role in the change of Christian attitudes towards warfare that was going on across several parts of the world. The driving forces among the Christian population to join the warfare is the remission of sins as a strategy of securing rewards in the heavenly kingdom which they believe to occupying after death (Madden, 2003). The reminder for the Christian faithful that the journey to heaven was important in marred by difficulties that required self sacrifice and dedication is critical to positively influence Christians to participating in the war. The most influential factor is the Christian vows of serving the Lord by carrying ones cross. Since the war has been considered holy by the pope, most of the Christian population will be ready to serve their God through rendering their services in warfare (Medieval Sourcebook, 1996).
The call by an influential member of the society or community to rally against or for a given cause is bound to yield positive results. The vast population, which depends on the guidance of this individual, will, in most of the cases, fail to question the credentials of their actions. Consequently, they are made to believe in propaganda rather than facts. The pope fails in his leadership functionalities by encouraging war between the Muslim and Christian societies. He, should have embraced unity as purported by Christian religion.