Jun 25, 2018 in Research

Spaying and Neutering your Pets


For pet owners, it is of essence to spaying and neuter pets due to the benefits that comes as a result of doing the same. It is a common occurrence to have homeless animals in almost all the states. In the U.S. there are an estimated 8 million homeless animals and pets throughout the country. Out of these, only half of the animals have a chance or access to adoption while the remaining half is euthanized. However, the number of homeless animals varies from state to state. In some states in the U.S. there are more than 300,000 homeless animals euthanized in animal shelters annually. In most occurrences, most individuals never imagine their pets becoming homeless. However, a simple occurrence of a dog finding his way under the fence into the neighbor’s home may result to the reproduction of litter dogs and cats. It also comes as a surprise that 3 million cats and dogs are euthanized in shelters.


According to recent research, an estimated 13 million pets are killed in national shelters due to lack of homes. This calls for every pet owner to ensure that their pets do not contribute to this overall problem.  Even though it is the joy of every child to witness the sparkle that is accompanied by the birth of new born, there is a price to pay for the burden of unwanted puppies and kitten that only lead to an increase in health risk. In a larger context, the added health risk of the overpopulation of pets overshadows the benefits. Even if there is the possibility of establishing homes for the new-born, the long term approach means that an equal number of puppies and kittens will lose potential homes. The overall goal of spaying and neutering healthy pets is that the process reduces the occurrence of certain infections and cancers that are likely to occur in later stages of development.

Spaying female pets

This process is commonly known as ovariohysterectomy. The process entails an abdominal surgery that targets the removal of both the ovaries and the uterus, after the process, pet animals have reduced occurrences of ‘coming into heat’. Although this is considered as a major surgery on pets, modern developments in the medical practice has enabled the process to be more effective. The use of modern gas aesthetics allows a healthy pet to be anesthetized for a short period and an operation is conducted on the animal at minimal risk. “The process should however be carried out prior to the first heat cycle of the animal contrary to the earlier perspective that early spaying leads to emotional development complications and stunted bone growth”(Kustritz, 2002). In other words, early spaying has so many benefits.

One of the beneficial parts of spaying is that the process prevents signs of estrus that is the word used to refer to ‘heat’. With regards to this, this process further prevents blood stains that occur on the carpets as a result of the heat. Perhaps one of the most important advantages of spaying is that it reduces unwanted puppies and kittens. This goes on to impact on the number of homeless animals and the health risks that comes along with the overpopulation of the same. Spaying also reduces the chances of the animal or pet developing breast tumor in the late stages of development. Spaying also reduces the chances of cystic ovaries and uterine infections on the pet. Most of these infections occur in the late stages of development hence the earlier the process is carried out, the greater the advantage on the pet. The recommended stage of spaying is when no other offspring is desired. According to Sanborn, it makes no sense for a pet to be bred for more than six years without spaying since the process prevents disease conditions such as uterine infections and breast tumors that mainly occur during the later stages of development (Sanborn, 2007).

Altering of the male pet (Neuter)

Neutering can also be technically referred to as castration. This process entails an incision being made on the scrotum where the testicles are removed. This process is not the same as vasectomy since the process is much more detailed than vasectomy. The anesthetic risks for young healthy pets are minimal and early neutering is seen to have many benefits on the animal or pet growth and development.

One of the most important benefits of early neutering is that it decreases the pet’s desire to roam the neighborhood. This in turn is reflected in the overall number of unwanted puppies and kittens being born. Another important advantage of the neutering is that it reduces the aggressiveness of pets hence pets tend to become more controllable and lovable. “In pets such as cats and dogs, neutering reduces territory marking which is mostly experienced in cats and dogs.”(Ware & Hopper, 1999)

Facts about Spaying and Neutering:

There is an otherwise overall perception that spaying causes a pet to become fat and lazy. However, this is not true. The process is very beneficial on the animal particularly during the late stages of development. Getting lazy and fat can only occur as a result of overfeeding and poor exercise. Another important fact about spaying is that personalities are not altered as a result of the process. Research has established that personalities dot not develop until after two years of age hence aggressiveness and viciousness should not be attributed to occur as a result of spaying. During spaying and neutering, surgical risk is kept at minimal due to the use of modern anesthesia. The recommended age of spaying and neutering is between the ages of 4 to 6 months.

Long term approach

With respect to the long term approach on spaying, the process prevents pregnancies and complications that arise from pregnancy and the delivery process. This is perhaps one of the most experienced problems by most of the pet owners. The other advantage on the long term approach with respect to spaying is that the process may entirely reduce the heat cycle. In this context, pet owners do not have to suffer the problems of having to listen to sounds of female hats on heat trying to get mates. This also implies that spaying also reduces the occurrences of unwanted males trying to seek female pets on heat. “Perhaps one of the approach taken by pet owners with respect to spaying is that when a pet’s urge to roam is significantly reduced, this is in turn reflected on the chances of the pet contracting diseases, getting lost, being injured in a fight or becoming a victim of animal cruelty”(Ettinger & Feldman, 1995).

On the other hand, neutering helps in reducing the destructive behavior that is closely associated with males pets attempting to find a mate. The process sin the long term approach also helps the pet to have a more content environment for growth and development as is reduces the sexual discomfort, distress and distraction. Cats mark their territory by spraying of urine. Neutering helps the occurrences of the same to significantly reduce as the pet’s heat cycle is significantly altered.


Whether one has recently adopted a pet or considering doing so, spaying and neutering is one of the most important decisions one can make to ensure the well being of the pet. Many states have established cost effective programs that makes both processes easily affordable and accessible. Due to the many health benefits that come along with spaying and neutering, it is of essence for all pet owners who value their pets to carry out the processes on their pets.

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