Jun 25, 2018 in Law

School Desegregation

Desegregation is refers to the positive steps taken towards the abolishment of traditions instituted by racial segregation. By racial segregation, which has in many ways defined the history of the United States, especially schools, and particular states like Texas, one means the practice of restricting people to certain circumscribed areas of residence or the act of separating institutions and facilities. Most affected institutions include schools and churches whilst the facilities involve parks, playgrounds, restaurants and restrooms.

In 1954, it was ordered that by with the decision of the Supreme Court case, Brown v. The Board of Education that racial segregation within public schools was to take place. By then the city of Dallas, Texas prided itself as a place of wealth, class, as well as conservatism. There was a large African-american population in the city in the mid-20th century, and all of them resided outside the city in a place south of the Trinity River. However, as Dallas was one of the last cities to desegregate, it was by all means the most peaceful and law abiding throughout that terrible period of integration.

During the reconstruction, the State of Texas instituted a school system for African-America students. There was a 1896 United States Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson established further this segregation of students in the United States. The doctrine of ‘Separate but equal,’ was established by this particular court decision. The desegregation would come much later, in 1954, when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that the segregation of  schools was unconstitutional.

Three years later; in 1957, more than 100 Texas school districts had made considerable progress toward desegregation. The proceeding decades saw all district schools integrated, so that the Hispanics, the African-American, and all other American children went to school together. And there cases where the Supreme Court provided the plans for the desegregation. In was not a perfect transition though, as some schools experience difficulty while other did it without incident.

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