Drug abuse, described as the misuse of drugs is one of the major problems affecting many people in the current generation. This problem cuts across all ages from children to adults. However, research reveals that young adults are the most vulnerable to drug abuse and their effects. There are various ways of drug abuse including but not limited to smoking and alcohol drinking. Commonly abused drugs include cocaine, tobacco and bhang among others. It is however important to note that smoking as a form of drug abuse has in recent years considered as a threat to many people around the globe. But what exactly causes smoking? Are there effects of smoking? Does smoking exist in different forms? Is there any need of banning smoking in public places? These and many other questions have been asked by people for a very long period of time even as the war against smoking intensifies in various parts of the world. While every effort is being gathered to combat smoking including passive smoking, it has to be understood that smoking effects remain fatal and uneconomical and that still is every need of banning public smoking all over the world.
Smoking has countless negative effects which have been known for several years. With research showing that almost 30% of male population worldwide smoke, millions of continue to dies daily as a result of smoking related diseases. It is also worthy noting that people who die as a result of smoking meet their fate in middle age just after the commence of economic development. Cancer, a major economic drainer has been directly linked to smoking. In other words, there are cancer related cases which arise more frequent than not because of smoking. Cancer patients spent a lot of their time in bed and in hospitals seeking medication in vain. In the process, a lot of time and resources get wasted leading to the weakening of the economy (Sloan, 2004). Other diseases related to smoking are heart attacks and high blood pressure, ranked top on the list of major causes of deaths around the world. It has been found that tobacco contains nicotine which combines with carbon monoxide during smoking to cause increase in heart rate and blood pressure. As a result, many smoking victims are bound to experience heart disease due to the straining of blood vessels and the heart. There have been several deaths among young people caused by smoking. In addition, pregnant mothers are not an exception in discussing the effects of smoking. It causes low birth weight, miscarriage, foetal tobacco syndrome and reduced immunity (Sloan, 2004). Although smoking victims are the most affected, living in a tobacco polluted environment is equally dangerous even one is not a smoker.
Although smoking is a choice, it is very possible to be adversely affected by smoked tobacco you may have not even smoked. This is mainly as a result of being in an environment where smoking takes place. Passive smoking, also known as second-hand smoking or Environmental tobacco Smoke has been discovered to be harmful with very few people being aware of it. This poses a major risk to the health of both children and adults as long as they are exposed to tobacco smoke. This commonly happens in homes where one of the couples is a smoker or both parents smoke. In cases where one of the married partners smokes, both end up affected with the non-smoking one suffering from passive smoking effects. Non-smokers are usually exposed to both mainstream and side-stream smoke and therefore such people are at a higher risk of being affected and infected than smokers. The smoke which comes from the tip of a cigar is by far more concentrated than that which is inhaled. Passive smokers do not enjoy anything from the smoke. Continuous exposure of people to second hand smoking increases the risk of developing lung cancer (Sloan, 2004). Children from smoking families also experience smoking effects especially in school with their level of concentration being lower than other.
Based on the effects of smoking and passive smoking, there is every reason to ban public smoking not only in developed countries but all over the world. It has been found that controlling public smoking would reduce the number by heart attacks since many people who have been found to develop these diseases frequent social places like hotels and restaurants where smoking is part of common practices. Since the smoke from the tip of a cigar has a higher concentration of caseinogens which cause lung cancer, a ban on public would go far in nurturing a society which is free from lung cancer caused by second-hand smoke. It would also ensure conservation of air which is a very important part of the environment. Many people have publicly suffocated because of smoke emitted into the atmosphere. All these would be an effective way of conserving our economies which continue to be drained by smokers.
Smoking is harmful and a major cause of death in the world. Prevention of smoking and rehabilitation of smoking victims has to be the burden of every government and leaders towards winning the battle. Dealing with smoking as a problem cannot be a one man war; it calls for collective responsibility including children, youths and adults. Parents should take steadfast steps in bringing up their children in a smoking free environment. Regardless of the approach considered, smoking whether active or passive remains a global health scourge that has to be stumped out without compromise.