1. Discuss how media coverage might affect the public’s perception of the success of the government’s response to terrorism or natural disasters.
Media has ever been the most powerful communication tool. It has always helped in supporting the right things on the right time. Therefore, it will help in terrorism which is the acts of violence that is committed by groups of individuals who take the perception that they have been victimized by some distinguished historical wrong. The media provide a real exposure to the audience about what is either right or wrong. Natural disaster and terrorism are matters which indirectly or directly affect all or many members of a community and are considered to be controversies, problems related to moral charges, or both. Media has a productive role to play for the public’s perception of the achievement of the response of the government to natural disasters or terrorism. Today News Channels and Newspapers are a great mouthpiece to such problems. Media has really played a vital role in order to look at natural disaster and terrorism in almost every era. It is the fact that in a number of the eras, media weren’t being given fair chances of exploring the issues of civilization more openly than it is being given at the moment; but we can never deny this fact that many issues were always brought in order to give justice to the individual. Although media are associated with the spread of fake news at times, it assists a lot to inform us concerning the realities as well.
2. How does a Community Oriented Policing approach help to build relations with the community? What are the inherent risks with this type of policing?
Community Policing is both an organizational and a philosophy strategy that allow community residents and police to work together in new ways to solve the community’s problems of social disorders, fear of crime and crime, and neighborhood decay.Through community policing, there is a strong collaboration between the residents and police and therefore it is always easy to identify and solve problems affecting the community. As the task of keeping law and order is no longer the police duty only, all residents of the community are called to work together with them in the effort of enhancing the safety and quality of their surroundings. Community policing has a strong impact in far-reaching implications. The expanded stance on crime prevention and control, the new emphasis on making members of the community active accomplices in the process of finding solutions, and the patrol officers' essential role in community policing need intense changes within the organization of the police. The area patrol officer, helped by the organization of police, helps residents mobilizes resources and support to solve the community’s problems and improve their quality of life. Community members are able to contribute advice, voice their concerns, and make decisions towards addressing these concerns. Through creativity, patience and understanding between the police and people there is always a constructive and a firm partnership that solve the problems affecting community.
Through the community oriented policing, the fear of crime has decreased as the citizens’ concerns are listened to and addressed. By this, the public confidence in the department of police is increased. The citizens are educated about their area police department. There is also the reduction of many calls for service as the community members are informed.
If the communities are not united, it will be much difficult for community policing to create vital neighborhoods and deterring crime. In such communities, there are always mistrust and barriers of apathy and thus it is always hard and risky to forge a partnership. If trust lacks between police and citizens there will be no more effective policing. There have to always be a strong bond of relationship between the community and police department, otherwise if it fails nothing will be achieved.
3. The Broken Windows theory has been a major part of Law Enforcement for decades. As Law Enforcement has evolved, has this theory become outdated or do you believe it still applies today? Explain your response.
A five year study found that crime wasn`t lowered by foot patrol. Despite arguments from, legal, criminological and scholars, ‘broken windows’ theory is a strong policy option in crime prevention and criminal justice practice. The fundamental theory acknowledged that if one left a broken window in a mess, it shows that nobody in the neighborhood is concerned about the neighborhood. Actually causing more destruction to homes i.e. broken windows and then increased occurrences of petty crimes would be seen in the neighborhood. Hence resulting to higher crimes e.g. assaults and robberies that occur in the neighborhood, leading to an impression of panic of crime in the neighborhood. Broken windows assert that disorderly behaviors and conditions are related to both civilian fear and to dangerous crime. Communities that are in the foot patrol neighborhoods gave the impression of more security than people in other areas and they tended to consider that crime was decreased and tended to take little steps to defend themselves from the crime. The people in the neighborhood where foot patrols have a more beneficial affiliation with law enforcement. “Foot patrol has no influence on crime; it simply fools the individuals into tending to think that they are safe.