The health-care sector is dedicated to the provision of services and products aimed to improve an individuals' state of health. The sector provides health care equipments and services in the field of; biotechnology, pharmaceuticals and life sciences. The specific sectors associated with these groups include: Dental care, biotechnology, pathology clinics, drug delivery, supply of medical equipments and instruments, laboratory diagnosis, nurses and home health care.
In the United States, Health care policy is the top agenda. President Obama and the Democrats have been keen to pass the recent health care bill due to the inefficiency of the recent one which was unaffordable for many Americans. This came merely a year after the approval of $871 billion bill; major step towards health care delivery in US. The US Health economists have studied the functioning of the health care system management. This has led to improvements in US health services delivery and advancements in medical science. More people therefore enjoy easy access to medical services unlike in Kenya where getting a medical facility is almost a nightmare, especially in rural setups.
Health system management in the U.S focuses around the efficiency of health services delivery and emphasizes on changes that can be made in society to improve people's lifestyles by making the population healthier. In contrast, Kenya faces significant obstacles in providing access to health care for its citizens, such as political corruption, embezzlement of heath services funds, high incidence of AIDS, widespread public issues such as inadequate services provision in areas like: sanitation and water purification, which have lead to increasingly high mortality rates. Delivery of health care services is mainly curative, not preventive.
The structure of the Kenyan health system management is poor. This has led to shortage of medical practitioners and drug supply, which fail to meet the people' needs; While in the US, an elaborate network and infrastructure, to support it states-men, exists. With a mortality rate of: 10 deaths per 100,000 lives. Health care system in the US is heavily regulated by numerous agencies as well as by federal and state statutes and laws. Whereas in Kenya, those who volunteer to regulate the sector, have mostly been met with an iron fist. The major challenge in Kenya's health system is meager budget allocation to health services. Secondly, its leaders never show any form commitment to reform the sector. Thus a more organized consumer advocacy is needed. Research shows that 3/4 of health care costs in Kenya go to compensations and politicians' pockets and not health services. Due to lack of personal responsibility, health preventive maintenance, and behavior modifications in the Kenyan situation life expectancy is in a decline marked by over-escalating costs of getting health care services. Hopefully with the new constitution beckoning, one may hope that Kenyan's health sector will improve in the coming days. Therefore, there is a need for Kenya to learn a lesson from the US and reform its health sector, Where service delivery and management surpasses just drug administration and diagnoses.