Development of a region, country or city is very important for the benefits of residents and citizens who mainly depend on services offered by either a central or regional government. Despite the efforts of any government to improve the living standard of its people infrastructure including but not limited to electricity, road and railway network plays a major role. This is because every other aspect of development in human life depends on them a great deal. As a development factor, construction and use of railway had significant development of industry and tourism on the south bank of the river Humber. This essay explores some of the ways in which industrial development and tourism were affected by the railway construction especially in the neighboring cities.
Railway services play a crucial role in the development of industry and tourism. As a means of transport, it facilitates transportation of not only goods and manufactured products but also makes it easy for people to move from one place another in search for services that are highest priority depending on their needs and socio-economic status. One of the major impacts of the opening of railways from Hull is that it promoted the growth of Hornsea which is a famous coastal Hotel. As a social facility, the resort played a major role in the tourism industry. Tourist found it more convenient to visit the place and spend their holyday in the regions which surround river Humber (Cave, et al. 2003). Additionally, the living standards of people drastically changed. There was shift in activities that led to the transformation of agricultural villages to dominant settlements of Beverley, Hull, Driffield and Bridlington among others.
Although the Humber estuary served as an opening route into the northern part of England, it was consider as a communication barrier leading to exploration of connectivity options that would solve the problem of crossing the river Humber and link to other parts in the neighborhood a dream which was very promising. Every idea of crossing the river was quickly accepted in order to pursue interested which existed. Political ambitions also generated an urgent need of finding a solution in terms of connecting the southern of the banks of the river Humber to other parts (On Crossing the River Humber). Therefore railway service served as a linking solution leading to movement of people, sprouting of development ideas and exploration of the region by visitors leading to the growth of tourism.
Although the use of the railway seemed to solve the problem of transport, many people saw the need of crossing the railway lines in order to make its services better than before. This was due to the increase in charges which was based on tonnage and not distance covered. As a result, many people from the south of river Humber were disadvantaged by the idea which favored ports that were to the North East. Many people especially businessmen had the desire to get to the coast but their efforts were always rendered futile by the inability to cross the river.
One of the hindrances towards river Humber railway connection was fear of competition. Neighboring people from Hull opposed the idea because they wanted to enjoy business monopoly in the rest of England. As a result, the southern part of the banks of the river Humber could not effectively compete in terms of business. It also meant that tourist would not easily visit the southern part due to its inaccessibility. However, there was continued desire for exploring the southern bank of the river Humber. A number of factors including the consideration of the Humber North and south as a single entity in the economic planning of Humberside and Yorkshire gave undying hopes for the southern part to be considered for exploration and improvement in transport connectivity (Yorkshire).
There is no doubt that railway has had significant impact to the development of industry and tourism to the south bank of the river Humber. It continues to be a favorable means of transporting goods to and from the port and also in facilitating the movement of tourist who visit the region for adventure and exploration. There has been a realization of the importance of the southern banks of the Humber in the United Kingdom giving it a higher preference in terms of growth and development. According to Route Utilization Strategy (RUS), Immingham has been found to have the highest number of freight trains moving between the Humber region and Yorkshire. One of the advantages of the Lincolnshire and South Yorkshire routes is that they have highest tonnage transportation in the country rendering its services up to and including Immingham, Doncaster and Scunthorpe (Simon, 1984).. This has had a remarkable impact especially in transportation of iron ore imports and coal to the Trent Valley.
What is the impact of railway on the development of tourism industry in south bank of the river Humber? As mentioned above, the construction of railway lines which would connect the southern bank of the river Humber was an opening for accessibility. It not only facilitated the movement of manufactured products and raw materials but also to the tourism sector. This was mainly through linking of different tourist centers and also by allowing people from other parts of the world to tour the region during any time of the year. With its rich history, many people visiting the United Kingdom had an opportunity to explore the south bank of the river Humber courtesy of railway services.
Through railway connection, the south bank of the river Humber is connected to famous cities in England which have world’s beautiful sceneries, history and countless attraction sites. For instance, Northern England is mostly visited because of the many attractions it has. Some of these sites include but not limited to York Minster-which is North America’s largest place of worship, Castle Museum, the city wall which surrounds almost the entire area, one the best preserved medieval streets in the world, Shambles, City Artifact Gallery and the Yorkshire Museum. All these sites can be visited by everybody including the inhabitants of the south bank of the river Humber who at one point lived an isolated life because of poor transport connection (Don, 2010).
Railway services also connected the south bank of the river Humber to the West Midlands and Warwickshire. As an industrial and cultural center Birmingham receives many people come for both business and tour missions. The southern part of it Bourneville Cadbury World is well known as a family attraction center, serving as a chocolate manufacturing center. The city also hosts National Exhibition Center mainly for trading purposes.
Indeed railway has had significant impact on the development of industry and tourism in the south bank of the river Humber. It is the fastest and most reliable means of transport in the region, facilitating the movement of tourists from one place to another. The region also has connection advantages over other places. It has the main traffic rail junction at Wrawby, ten miles from the port, giving it an opportunity to enjoy varying railway services. The influence of railway on the south bank of the Humber can however be inferred from the fact that almost three hundred trains leave the port on a weekly basis heading to different destinations with either people or goods. It is also evident by the movement of millions of tones of coal from Humber International Terminal to other places. Railway has also led to the decongestion of roads since most containers are transported by rail. It is however important to note that connection of Humber by train was a struggle triggered by business and political interests leading to the delay of its construction.