The internet can only be described as the golden pot of knowledge, any information wanted is just a click away and accessing it has become easier, faster, and convenient. Information on occupational therapy is abundant and informative in the internet. All aspects of the topic are adequately addressed in the internet. Occupational therapy is assisting patients develop their capability to execute responsibilities in living and occupation environment. It helps individuals, who may be suffering mentally, emotionally, physically, and developmentally in their profession. Occupational therapy treats their patients and helps them in developing, recovering, and maintaining their daily lives and working techniques. The wealth of information on occupational therapy includes;
The American Occupational Therapy Association board in 1976 technically defined it as the therapeutic use of work, play behavior, and self care to enhance growth and prevent disability. When it is done it normally include making the patient adapt the given tasks and the environment to attain maximum autonomy and to improve the value of life (American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc., 2010). In attaining autonomy in self care the basic aspects of life are attained such as; eating, sleeping, dressing, and grooming. For work then the patient is able to perform his delegated duties efficiently; for Leisure the patient is able to budget his free and unoccupied time and choose on the activities such as hobbies wisely.
The term occupation is also clearly defined the ways one spends time with or without getting paid, when resting or having fun, whether it is an obligation or a choice, but most importantly it must be able to give you a purpose or fulfill ones ambitions. An occupation helps people to interact, be industrious and help achieves the maximum potential of the person. The occupational therapists therefore have a very unique task that involves identify the areas with problems and assisting the patient discovers the potential in him/her to work functionally, independent, and achieve success (American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc., 2010).
Therapists in the field of occupation therapy have not been left out in technology since computers have been incorporated in the practice. They have used computer software to assist patients enhance decision making, problem solving, perceptual skills, memory, coordination, sequencing, and abstract reasoning (American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc., 2010). Patients with physical concerns are encouraged to undertake physical exercises so that their strength and dexterity may improve while those with visual problems are advised to take specific activities so as to enhance their visual acuity and also to improve their ability to make out patterns. Patients that may have problems of memory loss may be assigned duties of listing their schedule, tasks, programs or events to aid in recalling.
Persons with disabilities are also not left out these patients include; cerebral palsy, spinal cord injuries, or muscular injuries among others have special attention needs which are assigned to them so that they can master their duties and perform them easily. Therapists assist them through the use of adaptive equipment such as wheelchairs, eating aids, orthoses, and dressing aids to aid in carrying out their routine tasks. The disabled also need special equipments that they must have at their place of work, home, or sports grounds which may be computer-aided adaptive equipment where the patients are trained to use them in order to have control of certain duties in their lives and live a satisfactory life.
The patient is the responsibility of the therapist and the welfare and progress is monitored by the therapist. Assessments and monitoring of the patients duties and progress is an integrated process in the healing process and is very crucial so as to evaluate the patient. This not only contributes to the wellbeing of the patient but is an integral ethic in the occupation profession. This evaluation is valuable to the health providers and physicians to ascertain the health condition of the patient.
Occupational Therapists work with different client or patients of different age groups and kinds of people; they include the children and youth, healthy living, mentally ill, aging, the disabled and rehabs, and those in employment. For children therapists assist students to become achievers in academics and social life. Occupational Therapists mould children in general education, those in special education, and those identified to be at-risk. The children progress is monitored monthly, per semester, quarterly or yearly to ascertain the child’s progress.
The profession is based on seven key concepts that are stated in the Core Values and Attitudes of Occupational Therapy Practice which are; altruism, equality, prudence, freedom, truth, justice, and dignity. Altruism can be said to be the therapist reference to the patient’s needs before theirs. Equality ensures that therapists uphold fairness at all times. Freedom is based on the patient’s desire which must be followed by the therapist. The seven principles that must be observed include; non-malfeasance, autonomy and confidentiality, social justice, procedural justice, veracity, and fidelity. These guide the practitioners in their routine therapies administered to patients.
The educational requirements for being an occupational therapist are shifting from a bachelor’s degree to a master’s. The students must have also completed an accredited educational program and excel in the national certification test to be awarded a license. The internet also gives options of schools that are accredited by the Accreditation Council for Occupational Therapy Education (ACOTE) to offer the courses and the programs details. Online degrees in occupational therapy are also advertised in various universities and their terms and conditions (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2010). Courses of essences include chemistry, biology, physics, art, health, and social sciences.
Employment as an occupational therapist is easy but the challenges are tasking. There are so many health jobs related to occupational therapy once one gets accredited. Choosing a career in this sector needs one to be dedicated and focused on the welfare of others. According to Bureau of Labor Statistics, (2010) there is an expected an increase of 26% between 2008 and 2018 which guarantees majority of those studying to get employed. The population is also getting aged and the aged need more attention to live a satisfying life therefore an increased need for therapists (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2010).
The earnings of a therapist were approximately $66780 for median annual wages as at 2008. Majority earned at the range of $55090 and $81290 whiles the lowest who the smallest proportion earned $42820. The therapists that were paid highest include; home health care services, nursing care facilities, office of other health care practitioners, and elementary and secondary school respectively.
The best thing of interest in Occupational Therapy is the ability to help people live life at its best. It aims at changing the quality and value of life of individuals. This occupation impacts on the lives of patients positively in increasing their social participation and well being which is holistic and inclusive of self efficacy, relationships, health, work balance, coping skills and disease management. Its most unique characteristic is to draw experience from a variety of backgrounds and fields. It incorporates both science and art to bring out change in people’s lives which makes them restores them to a better life.
The interest based on disabled patients was a new concept as the internet research revealed extensive methods to help the disabled live a fulfilling and complete. Occupational therapy is all about changing lives and the issue of disability helps bring a clear conscience on anyone that helps them. It never occurred to me that this profession is well paying, but statistics have proven that once one gets the accreditation and license as stipulated in law then one can achieve financially as well as career wise.
Any therapist with access to the internet then has a very important resource in that he can get experiences from other practitioners who have their sites. S/he can also get all up to date treatment approaches that are in the market and all that is current. The internet has helped answer all queries about occupational therapy and helped me have a new perception towards the career. It has strengthened the principles of pursing the course particularly to be able to have an impact on people’s lives a lot of data and essential is available concerning occupational therapy.
Traveling occupational therapists usually work for more than one employer and thus since the employer are not in the same area they travel a lot. This will contribute to working part time for all the employers so that s/he may accomplish serving all of them. Occupational therapy is a unique profession since it helps the patient deal with the challenges in life either physically, psychologically, mentally, emotionally, and developmentally and assists thus the patient live a productive and satisfying life.