The Two Koreas: How the Split Affected Agriculture, Industry and Family
The end of the Second World War marked was a relief to most countries of the world but not to Korea. A series of conflicts between the emerging world powers, the Soviet Union and the United States as well as regional discord led to the division of a country that had existed as a single united nation for two thousand years. The division took place in the year 1948 leading to the formation of two independent states. The one to the North became the North Korea we know today while the southern part of the former united Korea became the present day South Korea.
With the division came more complication in terms of governance. The newly formed North Korea took up communist principles modeled along the lines of the Soviet Union. They also established close ties especially in the military field with the former Soviet Union. South Korea took a different turn. They embraced democracy and took up capitalism as a way of life and the preferred economic system. As time moved forward, the choices that were made by these two newly founded countries had a profound impact in the way of life of the people.
Agriculture, industry and family set up were heavily affected with the division. Like the Berlin wall that splint Germany into two for a while, the split in Korea had far reaching effects on the people. Their way of life was disrupted and they had to struggle to come to terms with the new reality of a divided Korea.
In the field of agriculture, the original mosaic that existed when Korea had existed as a single nation was lost. The traditional Korean agricultural practices got eroded as each of the powers that controlled each of the Koreas struggled to assert their authority on their side. North Korea picked some of the Soviet practices whereas the South had to borrow from the United States. Agriculture also got a setback in the year 1950 when North Korea decided to invade South Korea with the help of Soviet tanks. The agricultural infrastructure that had existed was partially destroyed as a result of the war.
The present times are however different for North and South Korea in the field of agriculture. South Korea has made great strides and it has a well developed agricultural sector. The situation is different in North Korea. The communist nation is being led by a dictator whose attention and resources is on the development of weapons. This has made the country remain behind in terms of development and agriculture has not been spared from this bad governance.
Family set up was another area that got badly affected by the split of Korea. Relatives were separated and they took a different identity. The trauma that came with the split also shocked the citizens and disrupted family order. The attack on South Korea by North Korea in 1950 did not help matters in that it created more trouble due to deaths and separations as a result of the confusion that was created by the war.
Leaving the above aside, industry was equally affected by the split of Korea. The original industrial make up of the nation was disrupted due to the division and the North Korea attack on South Korea. But in the period that followed, South Korea refocused its energies in trying to get solutions for the problems of its people and this has enabled her to make giant strides in the field of industry. The economy is well developed with strong industries that have afforded the people good living standards. On the other hand, North Korea is an industrial mess. The only area where the leadership is willing t pay attention to is weapons production. Other key areas are inadequately developed and this has weakened the country economically.
In conclusion, it is evident that the split of Korea had adverse effects on the country and its people.Famlies were separated and members of the same family would find themselves in different Koreas. Agriculture was disrupted at that time as was the industrial make up.