Terrorism for many years has been an issue of concern all over the world. Countries that have suffered terrorism attacks have faced serious social and economic set backs that will take them many years to recover from the losses. The modern day terrorism is characterized by the use of weapons which are very sophisticated and the use of tactics which are very advanced when launching an attack. Serious attacks have been witnessed all over the world which has seen even the super powers suffering terrorism attacks such as the September 9th attack on the world trade center. Major efforts have been under taken in the fight against terrorism and in fact it has shown a great success with the resent killing of the al-Qaeda master mind Osama Bin Laden.
The Bali bombing occurred on 12th October 2002 in the tourist district of Kuta in the Indonesian Island of Bali. In the history of Indonesia, this terrorist attack was the worst thing to happen to the country which saw the country loosing 202 people and many more getting injuries which even made them disabled. During the attack, three bombs were detonated at different places in the island. An explosive device which was carried by a suicide bomber and another large one carried on a vehicle exploded near popular night clubs in Kuta and another much smaller explosive detonated outside the United States consulate in Denpasar. After these successful attacks, all the blame was directed towards the Islamic community which saw various members being convicted in relation to the attacks. The people who were convicted were the members of a violent Islamist group Jemaah Islamiyar. In October 1st, 2005, Bali also suffered a series of terrorist suicide bomb attacks and others which were set in cars. This series of attacks caused death of 20 people including the attackers and several others were injured.
Following the attacks in 2002, several issues of concern emerged which raised up some arguments. The first issue of concern was about who to link with the attacks. This arose as a result of the Indonesian government linking the attacks to the organizations within the country which are closely linked to the al-Qaeda where as the Australian government and the United States government had already declared that the attacks were purely an act of terrorism that was planned by the al-Qaeda.
The other argument that was raised was that regarding the lack of acknowledgement from any group that was responsible for the attacks. This was with regard to the fact that almost all terrorist attacks are followed by an acknowledgement from the perpetrators which was not the case in Bali attacks which made it more difficult to link any group with the attacks.
The other argument of concern was that regarding the way sources of conflicts in Indonesia are intertwined in such a way that made it difficult to understand the motives and perpetrators if at all they were groups within Indonesia.
It appears from the arguments that it was difficult to link the attacks to a specific group of attackers. To my opinion, it appears that Indonesian government is very reluctant in fighting down illegal organizations within the country which pose a serious threat to its national security. This phenomenon has in fact been cited as one of the root cause of the most dangerous terrorist groups around the world. Therefore, I would recommend that state governments to take collective responsibilities in fighting down illegal organizations within their territories so that incase of any incidences of terrorist attacks, they can be in a position of linking it to a specific single organization.
In conclusion, it is evident that Bali bombing was carried out by a well organized terrorist group but the arguments that ensued later could not link the attacks to any specific group.